Chapter 17: The New Frontier and the Great Society (1961 - 1968)
The decade of the 1960s was one that greatly changed American politics. After viewing the first televised presidential debates, Americans voted John F. Kennedy into office. President Kennedy brought Americans to what he called the New Frontier, but he also faced faced setbacks with the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the Berlin Wall. Sadly, after almost three years as our nation's president, J.F.K. was assassinated in Dallas, TX. As our nation mourned the loss of its leader, Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as our new president, and he embarked on creating a Great Society for all Americans. With programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, Project Head Start, and Housing and Urban Development, the overall success of the Great Society was limited. While Johnson also worked to advance the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, it was ultimately his decision to escalate involvement in Vietnam that defined his presidency.
Throughout this chapter the following topics will be addressed: The New Frontier, JFK and the Cold War, and The Great Society.